Renate Muller actress – her history

Quando un’anima nasce, le vengono gettate delle reti per impedire che fugga. Tu mi parli di religione, lingua, nazionalità: io cercherò di fuggire da quelle reti

“When the soul of a man is born in this country there are nets flung at it to hold it back from flight. You talk to me of nationality, language, religion. I shall try to fly by those nets”

James Joyce

Padre pubblicista e madre pittrice, un talento innato per la recitazione e una bellezza fuori dal comune, che le costerà la vita. Renate Müller nacque a Monaco il 26 aprile del 1906, e a soli 19 anni debuttò a teatro con “Ein Sommernachtstraum” (Shakespeare’s Midsummer Nights Dream) diretta da Pabst.

Trasferitasi a Berlino, nel 1929 ebbe il suo primo ruolo cinematografico in “Peter Der Matrose” (Peter the Sailor). Il successo fu immediato e fino al 1937 comparve in 25 film , tra i quali il celebre “Die Privatesekretärin”, tradotto anche in inglese e ”Viktor und Viktoria” del 1933.

Le Pressioni del Regime Nazionalsocialista

La fama raggiunta, i capelli biondi, i bei occhi azzurri, destarono l’interesse del regime nazionalsocialista, che pressò Renate con sempre maggiore insistenza affinché lei divenisse il volto per i film di propaganda del partito.

Numerosi quanto le richieste furono i rifiuti della bella attrice, ma la vita nella Berlino di quel tempo era difficile: sospetti, dicerie, semplici invidie di colleghe potevano essere la causa di processi sommari, deportazioni, omicidi, e Renate aveva un angoscioso segreto che doveva restare nascosto.

Così cedette alle pressioni e nel 1937 recitò in quella che sarebbe stata la sua ultima comparsa in celluloide: “Togger”, pellicola dal contenuto antisemita. Hitler fu sedotto dall’attrice, perfetta incarnazione dell’ideale di donna ariana, ma nonostante le sue lusinghe lei rifiutò di essergli amica. Goebbels insospettito da tanta distanza e dai suoi continui viaggi nella nemica città di Londra, prese a farla pedinare dalla Gestapo.

Il Segreto di Renate

L’inconfessabile segreto emerse: Renate aveva un fidanzato, viveva in Inghilterra ed era un ebreo.

Si persero così, tutto d’un tratto, le notizie sulla bella ragazza: nuove star ariane presero il suo posto sugli schermi.

Si diffusero strane voci secondo le quali Renate era stata ricoverata in manicomio a seguito di ripetute crisi di nervi, abuso di alcol e di morfina.

Il triste epilogo

Renate Müller actress

Repentino giunse il finale di questa triste storia, il 7 ottobre del 1937 Renate Muller fece un lungo volo dalla finestra della sua casa a Berlino. Il corpo fu in fretta cremato presso il Wilmersdorf Krematorium per essere sepolto in gran silenzio all’interno del Parkfriedhof Lichterfelde a Berlin Steglitz.

Ai tanti fan della Diva antinazi fu proibito di partecipare ai funerali, il governo cercò di placare gli animi affermando si fosse trattato di suicidio, ma dei vicini di casa della ragazza, in silenzio, dissero di averla vista precipitare dal balcone dopo l’arrivo in cortile degli uomini della Gestapo.

Molti altri, invece, giurarono che furono proprio i soldati ad aver lanciato nel vuoto Renate, l’attrice tragica che in vita rifiutò di esser lanciata sugli schermi di un cinema maledetto.

Luciano Lapadula

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Renate Muller, the tragic antinazi actress

Father publicist and mother painter, an innate talent for acting and a beauty out of the ordinary, which will cost her life. Renate Muller was an actress, a tragic antinazi diva. She was born in Monaco on April 26, 1906, and at the age of 19 filmaker Pabst made her debut with “Ein Sommernachtstraum” (Shakespeare’s Midsummer Nights Dream).

Early career

Transferring to Berlin, in 1929 Renate Muller had his first actress role in “Peter Der Matrose “(Peter the Sailor). The fame was immediate and until 1937 appeared in 25 films, among which the famous “Die Privatesekretärin”, also translated into English and “Viktor und Viktoria” of 1933.

Nazi pressure for the actress Renate Muller

The fame achieved, the blonde hair, the beautiful blue eyes, aroused the interest of the Nazi regime, which pressed Renate with increasing insistence to use her face for the nazi propaganda films. Life in Berlin – at that time – was difficult: suspicions, rumors, simple envies of colleagues could be the cause of summary trials, deportations, murders, and Renate had an anguishing secret that was to remain hidden.

So she gave in to pressure and in 1937 she played in what would have been her last appearance in celluloid: “Togger”, a film with anti-Semitic content. Hitler was seduced by the actress, the perfect embodiment of the ideal of an Aryan woman, but in spite of her flattery, she refused to be his friend. Goebbels, suspicious of her distance and her constant journeys in the enemy city of London, began to  follow the woman by Gestapo.

The Secret of the actress Renate Muller

The ineffable secret emerged: Renate had a boyfriend, lived in England and was a Jew. Thus, all of a sudden, the news about the beautiful girl was lost: new Aryan stars took their place on the screens. Strange rumors were spread that Renate had been hospitalized as a result of repeated nerve crises, alcohol abuse and morphine.

A sad epilogue

The end of this sad story came to a sudden, on October 7, 1937, the actress took a long flight from the window of her house in Berlin. The body was quickly cremated at the Wilmersdorf Krematorium to be buried in great silence inside the Parkfriedhof Lichterfelde in Berlin Steglitz.

To the many fans it was forbidden to attend the funeral, the government tried to appease the soul by saying it was suicide, but the girl’s neighbors, in silence, said they had seen her fall from the balcony to the men’s Gestapo.

Many others, however, swore that it was the soldiers who had launched into the void the tragic actress who in life refused to be thrown on the screens of a damn cinema.

renate muller actress nazi nazism 30s 40s death beauty history cinema
Renate Müller with pet. Ufa Photo for the movie “Liebling der Götter” (in italian: Le Ali della Fortuna”) by Hanns Schwarz. Costumes: René Hubert. 1930
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Renate Müller, Viktor und Viktoria (Germany, 1933, dir. Reinhold Schünzel)
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Renate Müller in a silk pajamas strike a pose for a signed 30s film postcard
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A magnetic and fatal gaze for a 30s film postcard from the Ufa German motion-picture production company.
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Renate Müller wears an evening dress with a plunging neckline on the shoulder, in the typical style of the 1930s
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Statuesque body and gorgeous evening dress. Ph Aufnahme Walther Jaeger, Berlin
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Early 30s. Posing like a Pin-Up anticipating the 50s looks
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On the cover of “FILMWOCHE” Magazine year 1934
renate muller actress nazi nazism 30s 40s death cinema
Renate Müller at the window, she does not imagine that soon will fall from there

© COPYRIGHT: Luciano Lapadula

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